When you need tools like iotop or tcpdump on you Synology DiskStation or RackStation, you doens’t need to itall it via ipkg. Synology had a build in way to install the tools.
- Connect via SSH to your NAS
sudo synogear install
- Now you could use the tools from the list below
The package “Diagnosis Tool” are now also visible in the package center. You could also uninstall it from here, but a installation from package center is not possible.
Today I switched from a Synology DS215play to a DS918+. Perfect time to change the file system – the DS215play didn’t support Btrfs. The migration also works with only one device. So I wrote down both ways.
Steps if you haven’t changed your DiskStation
- Backup your data! If you switch to a device with new drives like me, you still have a copy of your data, but if you migrate without new drives, you don’t have a copy! In germany we say: No backup – no pity.
- Shut down the DS, remove drive 2.
- Format drive 2 with your computer.
- Insert drive 2.
- Turn the DS back on and DO NOT repair the fault volume.
- Create a new volume (SHR and Btrfs) in the Storage Manager on drive 2.
- For each shared folder, change the location to the new volume. You can only do this for one shared folder at a time and the move may need several hours depending on the size of your shared folders.
- When you have moved all the shared folders, shut down your DS and remove drive 1.
- Format drive 1 with your computer.
- Turn on your DS and go to the Package Center. Repair all apps.
- Expand your new volume to drive 1 and wait until RAID Resync is complete. You’re done.
Steps if you are switching to a new DiskStation with new drives (my situation)
- Turn off your old DS, remove drive 2.
- In the new DS, place the new drives in slot 1 and 2. Place the (old) drive 2 in slot 3.
- Turn on the new DS. Open your browser and navigate to the new DiskStation. In my case, the DS got a new IP address. I looked them up in my router DHCP table.
- Follow the Migration Wizard and wait until the DS restarts.
- Create a new volume (SHA and Btrfs) in the Storage Manager on drive 1 and 2. It is now recommended to change the RAID Resync speed to Fast and wait until RAID synchronization is complete.
- Now for each shared folder, change the location to the new volume. You can only do this for one shared folder at a time and may need several hours depending on the size of your shared folders.
- When you have moved all shared folders, shut down your DS and remove drive 3.
- Turn on your DS and go to the Package Center. Repair all apps. You’re Done.
I search for a easy guid to install ipkg on my Synology DS415play with Intel Atom CPU. I found a guid by Edward P:
Connect to your NAS as root through SSH
Go to a temporary folder, for example:
Download the bootstrap script:
Make the downloaded script file executable:
chmod +x syno-i686-bootstrap_1.2–7_i686.xsh
Execute the bootstrap script:
Installation should now be completed. To test it, run:
I wanted to erase and overwrite the data on some hard disks that I need to downgrade my RAID 5 from three 4TB WD Red to only two. The erase function on the webgui doesn’t work – something message like “don’t possible with your drive”. I search and found an alternative:
dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sdX bs=1M conv=noerror
To identify the disk use fdisk and/or hdparm:
hdparm -I /dev/sdX
To run the dd command furthermore after disconnection from the SSH connection, use nohup:
nohup dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sdX bs=1M conv=noerror